Is faucet water really safe to drink? The EPA approximates that over 60,000 chemicals are utilized within the USA, but just 91 contaminants are regulated by the Safe Drinking Water Act. The EPA has tested for 81 unregulated tap water chemicals because 1996, just started regulation on 1, and hasn't implemented regulation on any chemicals evaluated, according to the Environmental Working Group.
It's easy to see why confidence in the quality & safety of faucet water is decreasing. We've all heard the worrying stories about tap water chemicals, like the presence of lead in Flint, Michigan. However did you understand that lead and other damaging contaminants are prevalent in tap water all over the country? The impurities below are the most harmful found in tap water, due to their hazardous effects and widespread presence.
Chlorine & Chloramine
Both are disinfectants contributed to the water system to lower microbes like germs and viruses. They respond with naturally present organic matter in water (like rotting leaves), developing harmful disinfection by-products (DBPs). DBPs are considered to be 10,000 x more poisonous than chlorine, and studies have linked DBPs to cancer, concerns throughout pregnancy (consisting of miscarriage), and a large range of long-term health impacts.
The use of chloramine is slowly overtaking chlorine since chloramine lasts longer and carries out better for regional water departments. But it remains in the water longer and is much harder to filter, so it's even worse for those drinking the water.
Looking for Hydrogen Water? Read this.
Lead is leaked into the water supply through aging facilities and ancient pipelines, a few of which are 80-100+ years old. Lead poisoning causes blood conditions and damage to the brain, kidney and bones, in addition to a frighteningly long list of other major medical conditions you can see here. Lead is particularly hazardous to children, causing permanent brain damage, lowered IQ and developmental conditions. The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation estimated that long-lasting effects of lead exposure accounted for 853,000 deaths in 2013. There is no known level of lead exposure that is thought about safe.
Never ever heard of chromium-6? It is the carcinogenic chemical made famous by the true story of 'Erin Brockovich.' The Environmental Working Group (EWG) launched a disconcerting report on chromium-6 in September 2016, which you can view in its totality here. Based upon nationwide EPA tests from 2013-2015, EWG estimates that water products serving 218 million Americans include hazardous levels of chromium-6. EWG also estimates that chromium-6 will trigger more than 12,000 excess cases of cancer by the end of century, if left neglected.
The most questionable chemical in water, fluoride has been added to public water materials given that the middle of the 20th century for factors passing understanding of preventing dental caries. Brand-new research linking fluoridation to skeletal and oral fluorosis has actually triggered the U.S federal government to lower the recommended level of fluoride in drinking water for the very first time in more than 50 years. More disconcerting is the increasing number of research studies connecting fluoride to neurological, immune, and gastrointestinal damage. You can examine the disturbing findings of a Harvard University meta-analysis moneyed by the National Institutes of Health here. According to the CDC, 2 out of 3 Americans are supplied with fluoridated tap water.